What Is a Business?


A business is an organization that engages in commercial, industrial or professional activities. A common definition of a business is “any activity or enterprise entered into for profit.” While not all businesses are profitable, the ultimate goal of any commercial entity is to earn a profit. Business can take many forms and can be classified based on the industry in which it operates, the size of the business and its ownership structure. The most common types of business include sole proprietorships, partnerships and corporations. Some businesses also operate as non-profit organizations that support a specific social cause.

A basic business activity involves the production or purchase of goods and the distribution of those goods to end consumers. The business may sell the goods directly to the consumer or it may act as a middleman, purchasing the raw materials and manufacturing the product before selling it on to the end user for a higher price. In the latter case, the business will make its profits from the difference between the wholesale and retail prices of the product. Services, intangible goods that are used to satisfy an individual’s needs, can also be sold for a profit.

Regardless of the type of business, all commercial entities must adhere to certain legal criteria in order to be considered legitimate. In particular, they must conduct market research and develop a business plan in order to secure funding. This is especially important for those that wish to open a new business or expand an existing one. Depending on the industry in which they operate, businesses are also subject to local and national laws regulating their operations.

Businesses also have the option to choose between different management structures. This can range from a simple single-owner operation to a large corporation that is run by thousands of managers across the globe. Typically, larger companies are organized as limited liability corporations or as public-stock companies. The choice of the management structure is influenced by the types of investments the company wishes to make and the legal options available in its jurisdiction.

As a general rule, a business must be legally registered in order to operate and obtain the necessary permits. This is particularly true for those that operate in regulated industries, such as finance and insurance. In addition, some businesses are required to register in order to raise funds on the stock market.

When starting a business, it is essential to do your market research and develop a business plan before filing for registration. A business plan outlines the strategy of your business and includes a description of your products or services, marketing plans, and sales projections. A business plan can be written in either a traditional or lean format and should be included as part of your application for any financial funding.